The revenue source for TV Licensing is the TV Licence fee settlement by the Government to the BBC. More information on this is contained in the BBC Annual Report and Accounts and in the TV Licensing Annual Reviews.
The TV Licensing Costs of Collection chart, below, sets out the total licence fee revenue collected and collection costs over the last nine financial years.
Section 365 of the Communications Act 2003 (opens in a new window) requires the BBC to pay all licence fee revenue it collects (via TV Licensing), less any sums required for making refunds, into the Government’s Consolidated Fund. TV Licensing doesn’t retain any of the licence fee revenue it collects; all monies are passed to the Government, and then the revenue collected is passed back to the BBC as Grant-in-Aid from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (opens in a new window).
The Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport may retain a proportion of the licence fee revenue for other purposes (refer to the BBC’s Royal Charter and Agreement with Secretary of State).
|£ million||% of costs||£ million||% of costs||£ million||% of costs||£ million||% of costs|
|Licence Fee Modernisation||8.5||8.3||7.0||6.9||3.7||4.5|
Costs as %
Licences in force
|Cost per licence||£3.99||£3.91||£3.18||£4.49|
|Cost per licence as % of licence fee*||2.6%||2.7%||2.2%||3.1%|
|Depreciation of new systems||£0.07||£0.07||£0.07||£0.06|
|Admin and contract management||£0.18||£0.11||£0.08||£0.12|
|Licence Fee Modernisation||£0.33||£0.27||£0.14|
* TV Licensing collected around £3.7billion (£3,690million) in revenue in 2018/19, a decrease of £140million on the previous year.
In 2018/19 TV Licensing collected £3,690million in revenue, however this figure includes only the fixed amount of £468million received from the Department of Work and Pensions for free Over 75 licences issued, whereas the actual value of free licences issued in the year was £691million.
** Collection costs include call centres, field force, detection and over the counter services (net of recharges re over 75s).
*** Communications including reminders and information campaigns.
Further breakdown of the specific services within the collection contracts is not readily available as the fee structure for our main contractor Capita is based on revenue collected and encompasses all aspects of the service provision across the call centres and the field operations.
The cost per licence reflects the average cost, per licence depending on the level of enforcement required.
Fines collected for licence fee evasion are not given to the BBC or TV Licensing - they are a matter for the courts.
|£ million||% of costs||£ million||% of costs||£ million||% of costs||£ million||% of costs||£ million||% of costs||£ million||% of costs||£ million||% of costs|
|Licence fee revenue||3,735||3,722||3,705.7||3,697.8||3,678.6||3,578.8||3,493.8|
Costs as % of
Licences in force
|Cost per licence||£3.98||£4.02||£4.40||£5.00||£4.95||£5.06||£4.92|
|Cost per licence as % of licence fee*||2.7%||2.8%||3.0%||3.4%||3.4%||3.5%||3.5%|
|Depreciation of new systems||£0.09||£0.08||£0.08||£0.10||£0.10||£0.09||£0.04|
|Admin and contract management||£0.10||£0.09||£0.00||£0.21||£0.15||£0.15||£0.04|
The cost of collection has increased from £101.0m in 2017/18 to £102.6m in 2018/19. This represents 2.8% of the total licence fee revenue collected (£3.7 billion) in 2018/19, which is a reduction of £140m in revenue from the previous financial year as a result of the fixed funding from the Department of Work and Pensions for the issue of free licences to the Over 75s. This decline in revenue is the primary reason that there has been an increase in the costs of collection as a percentage of revenue. As shown in the TV Licensing Costs of Collection chart above, the costs of collection covers call centres, field force, detection and over the counter services, communications including reminders and information campaigns, postage and administration and contract management.
Figures on licence fee revenue by area aren’t available, as it isn’t necessary to generate this type of information for the purpose of issuing licences, and licence fee collection and enforcement. Please see the About TV Licensing section for information on licence fee revenue.
The BBC doesn’t collate information on licence fee revenue by location. For the purposes of administering the television licensing system, licence fee revenue is not configured by geographical location, as the BBC has no reason for doing this. The total licence fee revenue collected from 2008/09 to 2018/19 is detailed in the TV Licensing Costs of Collection chart above.
Further information is published in the BBC’s Annual Report and Accounts. The latest Annual Report (2018/19) is available on the BBC website at - www.bbc.com/annualreport.
For the 2018/19 financial year (the latest figures available) £15.1 million was spent on communications, including reminders and information campaigns. The TV Licensing Costs of Collection chart, at the top of this page, contains a break-down of TV Licensing’s top-line costs over the last seven financial years.
Specific advertising costs (including the cost of production and airtime to broadcast trails) is exempt from disclosure under section 43(2) of the FOI Act.
Note: The BBC does not advertise the need to be licensed, the ways to pay and the consequences of non-payment on commercial TV stations. TV trails are shown on BBC channels. Communications shown on BBC channels are referred to as ‘trails’ because the BBC, as a public service broadcaster, does not raise revenue through advertising.
TV Licensing’s budgeted and actual costs for the financial years 2008/09 to 2018/19 are shown in this chart:
|Budgeted (£ million)||105.6||111.7||98.5||101.3||105.8||106.6||123.9||126.5||124.8|
|Actual (£ million)||102.6||101.1||82.2||114.6||101.4||102.1||111.4||126.1||124.4|
|Budgeted (£ million)||130.4|
|Actual (£ million)||126.2|
‘TV Licensing’ is a trade mark of the BBC and is used under licence by companies contracted by the BBC to administer the collection of television licence fees and enforcement of the television licensing system.
The BBC does not hold the information requested here. It is a matter for each agent to determine how it chooses to spend the money it receives by way of remuneration from the BBC. Any information that a contractor holds in this regard is not held by them on behalf of the BBC and is therefore exempt from disclosure under section 3(2) of the FOI Act.
The National Audit Office (NAO). They review statements from TV Licensing contractors as part of annual independent audits of the BBC.